Gums Diseases - SofiaDental

Gums Diseases

Gingivitis

Gums Diseases

Gum diseases are an infection of the tissues surrounding and maintaining the teeth. They are the main cause of adult teeth loss. Because they are overwhelmingly painless, you will find it difficult to establish their development. Regarding periodontal disease, gingivitis is also caused by the dental plaque, which is a sticky film on the surface of our teeth produced by the bacteria permanently.

Here are some disturbing signs that can tell us about the problem:
  • Easily bleeding gums
  • Red, swollen, sensitive gums
  • Gums that have withdrawn from the teeth
  • Presence of bad breath and taste in the mouth
  • Permanent teeth that are removable and spaced apart
  • Any change in the way teeth contact each time they bite
Some of the factors that increase the risk of developing gingivitis:
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Broken teeth that keep food and are difficult to be cleaned
  • Pregnancy, menstrual cycle
  • Diabetes
  • Medical therapies, incl. steroids, certain types of anti-epileptic preparations, antitumor drugs, some calcium blockers and contraceptives

If you think you are suffering from gum disease, contact your dentist because the sooner you take the measures, the better the treatment prognosis. The early phase is called Gingivitis, where there is swelling and redness (from pale-pink (healthy) to dark-red) to the gums, as well as easy bleeding in irritation or even spontaneous. At this stage the disease is still reversible and is usually treated with professional cleaning in the dental office and instructions for improving the technique of personal tooth cleaning.

The progressive phase of the gum disease is called periodontitis, which suffers from a large percentage of people after 30 years of age. This disease leads to loss of tissue surrounding the teeth, accompanied by progressive loss of jaw bone. The latter ensures the stability of the teeth, and its loss results in its shaking, i.e. teeth become mobile. The advanced stage of the disease also leads to tooth extraction.

Sometimes periodontitis may go aggressively and lead to rapid bone loss, which would have a poor prognosis for the preservation of the teeth. They often develop in patients with good overall health, but there is also evidence that people who have diabetes or have had a heart attack are more prone to aggressive periodontitis.

You may have a gum disease without warning. This is a good reason for regular screening protocols, which are very important for obtaining objective data. Good and constant home care is the basis for preventing gingivitis.

Remember: You do not have to lose teeth due to periodontal disease. Just brush twice a day, use floss and interdental brushes, eat balanced and visit your dentist regularly for prophylaxis.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis

Periodontitis

Periodontitis

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